Jonathan Alberto Hermenejildo Bello
The next pages focus on an investigation of how creativity can become a great tool, which helps the development the country with the creation of new things. The methodology that was used to carry out the research was through the collection of data of articles, documentaries, videos on YouTube, and dictionaries. Creativity needs to be cultivated in children between four and five years old at school to create efficient people by changing the model of education in the country. Moreover, with inclusion of creativity in the educational system can generate breakthroughs in the society of a country. This way can change the world and help to have a better society.
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“What’s done to children, they will do to society.” -Karl A. Menninger (2001) Creativity is the capacity to generate new interesting ideas. These ideas might be applied to real life, and this is called innovation. Also, creativity is another way of seeing things compared to other people. According to Ossola (2014) creativity is innate because each person thinks in different ways. Nowadays creativity is being lost and one of the most important reasons is that students do not have motivation to improve their capacity to think or develop imagination. The way students learn and what they need to learn is rapidly changing. The antiquated model of education used in Ecuador does not develop good creativity in students. Creativity needs to be cultivated in children between four and five years old at school to create efficient people by changing the model of education in the country.
First, historically the Ecuadorian educational system was guided by republican governments and religion, specifically Catholicism. Ecuador is funding has given priority to invest resources in other areas as the construction of roads or other public works; neglecting thus the process education in the country. Vicente Rocafuerte founded schools and colleges in the country. The general direction of studies, which, although they provided guidelines to meet the requirement in Quito and Guayaquil were targeting other governments in Ecuador remained insufficient education for many years. (Eval, 2016) Kofi Annan said that “Knowledge is power. Information is liberating. Education is the premise of progress, in every society, in every family.” As it has been creativity and innovation are important factors in developing countries and have to put special attention in the education as the way in which people can get more creativity and innovation and expand it. Every country has their own education system managed and directed by a government. A system education well managed and organized will have positive effects on teaching-learning of their students. For this reason is important to renew the educational model to develop creativity and imagination in students. Hence the Ecuadorian educational system has been progressing for many years.
Second, society needs to stimulate creativity from an early age. According to Robinson (2012) “we have to rethink the fundamental principles on which we are educating our children,” because of early age they are developing their abilities. The Ecuadorian educational system needs to promote critical thinkers, innovators, and excellent citizens. The professor cannot just focus on theory in class. The educational model of Finland is leaving aside the memorization of concepts and emphasizes the development of curiosity, creativity and experimentation. To finish, people, matter of transmitting information is not the only important thing, where it is most important to learn to think.
In a study UNICEF (2008), the range of ages where a person develops the capacity the capacity to reason and communicate is from four to six years of age. This period of time a child devoted all their energy and all their interest to learn and playing, which some of the activities necessary for the development of life. Where each person that is around him is responsible of his education principally the family, teachers and friends. Those people contribute to teaching that this child will develop and practice for their life.
Third, the children have the need of exploring, know and act on the world that it surrounds and is starting from there build and develop their expertise. According Juscelina is the Director of Ananda Marga said that “We are going to focus on their balance, boundaries, education and values. We involve the entire learning process; cognitive, intellectual, physical, and creative.” (Zoomin TV World News, 2016) A child needs to make decisions and take action to control the environment that surrounds it. For this reason is important to stimulate the mind and body of the child from an early age. For instance the language of a child is poor and this is learning all the words that this listening around him. On the other hand, the movements of a child of six years are more complex than them from one of two. Therefore, Schools must take a more holistic approach to education and centering mindfulness as a component of instruction. Thus, the set of changes that experiences the child with the increase of its age is called development, which helps him to future life.
Another clear example is the Cedarsong Nature School in U.S. is defined as “unstructured free time in nature resulting in an intimate, deep and personal connection to the natural world.” (Kenny, 2011) This educational center focuses on children between two and six years age. The focus of this school is that children need to be outdoors to get stimulation of their brains through interacting with nature. That practical learning is the best educational approach for children. Also the teachers arouse the curiosity in the children, besides fomenting confidence in them.
“In times of crisis, only imagination is more important than knowledge.” Albert Einstein said it because he knew that an idea might be more useful than a mathematical calculation or a chemical formula. Many characteristics of talent that a human being comes from a well-worked childhood where in areas such as art, music, sports and reading are part of parenting, as a mechanism to complement learning and understanding of exact sciences.
“I think we take for granted that we rely heavily on scientific creativity, whether we realize it or not,” said Rex Jung (cited in Ossola), a professor of neurosurgery at the University of New Mexico in Albuquerque. Whether we use the advanced technology for to create new methods of communication and thus shorten distances. Also in the medical field as vaccines for any disease or simply facilitate the resolution of the problems of daily life, creativity and innovation is “incredibly important to our quality of life,” Jung said (cited in Ossola).
Creativity is fundamental in the development of a country and social welfare of this. The capacity we have to change things and people through the creation of unimaginable things. While creativity is the meeting point between imagination and reality, the door to both our emotions and our knowledge; is a fundamental right of children and a human responsibility. “Creativity is a great motivator because it makes people interested in what they are doing. Creativity gives hope that there can be a worthwhile idea. Creativity gives the possibility of some sort of achievement to everyone. Creativity makes life more fun and more interesting.” Edward de Bono said.
A good school does not only mean having the best grades or competing to be the best without assimilating what has been learned and without coherence between to teach and learning. For a good education you need to instruct the children on a path to love what they do. While a child is at ease with himself and his surroundings can build things that change the world towards comfort. Nowadays, education in Ecuador must development approach in the creativity of its infants. Children need principles that help them be reflective and interpret the information that teachers teach them. In addition to having knowledge in an area specifies for example, mathematical or physical, the professor must also have a preparation of as educate. Thus, that master also will have the tools necessary to mold of the best way to a student. These teachers will get the best potential of their directed and place them in the route of creativity and innovation.
On the other hand, the family also has an important role in the development of creativity of sons. The parents can achieve it through the game where he proposes to the child is what experiment. It is to say to prove your potential to a problem to make you think that there are many ways to solve it and any solutions, is correct. Because this do not try to annoy child, but this tries that child travels for himself, his personal tastes and his character. So the child can motivate himself and learn as much as he wants without any limitation. So the child will be able to develop with the necessary tools to be able to face any difficulty that is presented around him.
Specifically, the role of educators and parents is to be close, not wanting to eliminate their creativity in children. Also, understand that as much as children and adults, we are wrong. The mistakes the child makes will teach him not to repeat them again. In the other hand, if the child feels permanently criticized, this will generate insecurity in itself. All this will take the child to leave that use his imagining. Therefore, the child will not think that there are other ways to solve problems and he will agree what society dictates. I truly believe that everything that we do and everyone that we meet is put in our path for a purpose. According Marla Gibbs said “There are no accidents; we’re all teachers – if we’re willing to pay attention to the lessons we learn, trust our positive instincts and not be afraid to take risks or wait for some miracle to come knocking at our door.”
Finally, Ecuador cannot fail to recognize the role of the professors in education, since it is true that their role is changing in response to new demands of the knowledge society. It can be referred to an inspirational role. Furthermore, the role of government, which would be invested in the education of the country is pivotal. A good model of education helps to improve, prepare, develop virtues, and promote autonomy. The government needs to concern their effort in improving the quality of education and giving the necessary tools to children from an early age. Those people can develop things to improve not just the world, but also a tenacious society that is unafraid. Thus, those future thinkers will change their current situation in Ecuador with creativity and innovation.
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