“The secret history of ISIS” shows that the crisis is the cumulative effect of the interaction of a number of factors, such as the global economic crisis; deepening social inequalities in many countries; the consequences of military conflicts and civil wars; destabilization of these countries, etc. International terrorism in the 21st century has become a key phenomenon in world politics, its most dangerous manifestations are observed in the Middle East which is caused by contradictions between the interests of the authorities of the Gulf countries, Turkey and Syria, complicated by religious overtones, which was the basis for creating “A new world caliphate” associated with the Islamic State group (ISIS). Today it is almost impossible to solve the problem of ensuring security within the borders of only one individual country. State borders are no longer an insurmountable obstacle to disruption of the public administration system. “Children of ISIS” shows that the reintegration of children crippled by war back to normal society after the end of any armed conflict is extremely difficult. The fact is that in the practice of conventional wars, children have never been perceived as a military goal – but this also allowed suicide IG children to blow themselves up in the thick of the advancing orders of the Iraqi army and its allies, causing irreparable and massive damage. In addition to using children as soldiers, the IG introduced another inhuman practice in the territories under its control – trafficking in people and children. All confessions that are different from those supported by the Islamic State of the Sunni trend are subjected to persecution and humiliation – even babies.
If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help!
“From Jihad to Rehab” presents that many modern challenges and threats are of global, transboundary nature and threaten the global and regional security systems that have been operating for decades. In the context of global and regional integration processes, there is an ever-increasing interdependence of states. Achievements of scientific and technological progress have, unfortunately, been used for unfriendly or criminal purposes, not only by individual states, but by organized paramilitary groups of a non-state nature. In the new conditions it is necessary: to determine the scope of activities of non-state actors (factors), which has a dominant influence on the functioning of a holistic international legal system; understand and show how non-state actors in international relations are consistent with existing international legal theories and practices; theoretically substantiate the provisions associated with the international legal personality of non-state actors (factors) of international relations.
“Tuvalu: That Sinking Feeling” presents that one of the distinguishing features of the current crisis that impact on racist moods is the merging of several migration flows – legal, illegal economic migration and refugees – into one powerful flow. It is important to note that the majority of migrants initially targeted the most developed countries of Western Europe. This indicates a fairly high degree of awareness of the living conditions, quality and “generosity” of the socio-economic support provided to migrants and refugees in a particular EU country. Modern migrants, unlike their predecessors, do not run from danger wherever they look, but act on the basis of information not only from the media, but also from formal and informal information networks of ethnic diasporas that have arisen due to the spread of the Internet and mobile communications.
I think that any crisis generates a number of negative consequences. Among the problems affecting the countries of the Old World. First of all, the refugee crisis splits Europe. 43% of all asylum applications filed in the first half of 2015 in the EU accounted for Germany. It is she and three other European states that accept almost all refugees. In many countries, especially in Eastern Europe, the government, and indeed the people themselves, oppose the admission of refugees and migrants.
“Cote d’Ivoire: Up in Smoke” discovers that the compulsory allocation of quotas proposed by the European Commission in the framework of the “emergency mechanism” is rejected not only by Eastern European countries, but also by countries such as the United Kingdom, Ireland and Denmark. Most EU countries fear that the current “emergency” quotas in the future may be fixed in the new mechanism of permanent distribution. The methods of distributing refugees that are suitable for the current situation can only be achieved by universal consensus, which is unlikely. Taking into account the fact that international migration in the context of the intensification of globalization processes and the formation of a global labor market will only increase, host countries should contribute to the creation of an effective migration regime – both at the national and regional and at the global level. The European Commission, trying to somehow resolve the crisis in the long term, proposed, first, to expand the quota for accepting migrants from 40 thousand to 160 thousand people for the entire European Union for 2 years. Second, to harmonize the lists of “dangerous” and “safe” states: immigrants from regions where the war is going on will receive asylum under the simplified procedure, while illegal immigrants from “safe” (peaceful) countries will have to prove that they are in danger at home or harassment. Otherwise, they will be counted among economic migrants with a clear prospect of being immediately sent back to their homeland. Thirdly, to create refugee reception centers at all the “problem” borders of the EU, which will deal with their registration, with fingerprinting, for entry into the Schengen police and immigration databases and subsequent distribution – sending a request for asylum or returning to the early phase home. Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that, in fact, the European Union currently has no concrete solutions to the migration problem, and this is largely due to its inability to lead a discussion about the root causes of the crisis and its possible consequences. Numerous ethno-political conflicts and civil wars, which in the last decades of the past and at the beginning of this century have engulfed a whole number of African countries, have particularly strongly affected the situation of the most vulnerable groups of the population – women and children.
“Un sex abuse scandal” shows that often it turns out to be the main goal of aggressive raids on populated areas, carried out by both rebels and government soldiers. Women are also the main victims of crimes: murder, degrading cruelty, brutal abuse, deliberate mutilation, forced prostitution and group rape. “Matt Damon: Why Should Men Care?” shows that violence against women takes various forms: domestic violence; trafficking in women and girls; forced prostitution; violence in armed conflict – murder, systematic rape, sexual slavery and forced pregnancy; ritual killings; killing female babies; female genital mutilation; other dangerous practices and traditions. “I Came to Testify Women, War, and Peace” confirms that violence against women goes beyond beatings. It includes forced marriages associated with a dowry; violence; marital rape; sexual harassment; bullying at work and in educational institutions; forced pregnancy; forced abortions; forced sterilization. This practice causes injury and death. Female genital cutting, for example, is a common cultural practice in some parts of Africa. For rebel groups interested in escalating conflict, women — the symbol and carriers of cultural and ethnic identity, the producers of the future generation, the keepers of the home — were the main targets of aggression, terror, cruelty and violence. In some cases, mass rape as part of the genocide campaigns served the purpose of “forced reproduction”. Moreover, women and girls who are not able to feed themselves (due to the lack of elementary school education) are forced to trade their bodies. A generation of women living in conditions of constant sexual abuse and, worst of all, is becoming the norm for their children. The new generation perceives the existing state of affairs as natural and does not expect anything better in their lives. “Bart Weetjens: How I taught rats to sniff out land mines” points that Africa, being the weakest link in the world economic system, has perceived not so much positive (universalism and the convergence of cultures), as the negative features of global integration. The continent has become one of the main victims of the spread of transnational corruption, many types of organized crime and terrorism, the illegal movement of capital. African countries could not achieve significant positive results and connected to the process of so-called. internationalization of states and legal systems. All this caused new conflicts and humanitarian crises.
According to forecasts, in the future, many armed conflicts on the continent will be associated with the problem of the lack of fresh water. “Ebola outbreak” shows a different nature of the problem because there is no vaccine for the Ebola virus. Ebola can be distributed uncontrollably only in African living conditions, in the context of the African mentality and African health care. Firstly, in many areas, there is absolutely not enough clean water even for drinking, so it is not surprising that people can not wash their hands after hugging a relative who died from Ebola fever. Secondly, to embrace infected dead people, as well as to release “from imprisonment” sick relatives placed in quarantine is an absolutely ineradicable tradition in the African outback. One of the main reasons for this is that none of the major pharmaceutical companies have invested money in the development of a vaccine, since it has a very limited market, respectively, it will not bring super profits. The development of such a vaccine was funded by the US Department of Defense and the US National Institute of Health, fearing that the Ebola virus could be used as a biological weapon. The main problem is that over forty years, scientists have not been able to find a cure for the treatment of Ebola. None of the major pharmacological companies have yet decided to invest in the development of a vaccine against the killer virus. It is possible that the point here is not the complexity of the task itself, but the reluctance of corporations to invest in research. The fact is that the market will be very limited and investments may not pay off.
- MURALI, D. “Empowerment Is Expansion of Freedom of Choice.” The Hindu BusinessLine, The Hindu BusinessLine, 23 Apr. 2011, www.thehindubusinessline.com/todays-paper/tp-opinion/Empowerment-is-expansion-of-freedom-of-choice/article20228096.ece.
- Mutume, Gumisai, and Michael Fleshman. “Africa Renewal.” UN.org, July 2007, www.un.org/africarenewal/sites/www.un.org.africarenewal/files/ar21-2-web.pdf.