Bazerghi, Chantelle, et al. “The Role of Food Banks in Addressing Food Insecurity: A Systematic Review.” Journal of Community Health, vol. 41, no. 4, Aug. 2016, pp. 732–740. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s10900-015-0147-5.
Chantelle Bazerghi, et al, from Deakin University, report in this article, the findings of a research study they conducted to determine the positive effect food collection organizations have on food shortages in different parts of the world. Their findings are groundbreaking and help provide authentic answers to how community food banks can work most efficiently to keep up with the clients’ nutritional needs. While comparing data from various food collection sites around the continent, the author also describes the basic categories of food banks and the frequency of visits to them from returning patrons. For example, he described one that collects food and prepares it for clients and another type that collects food and hands it out to clients to prepare themselves. The colleagues found that the most successful food distribution sites are utmost helpful to their clients when they respect their cultural backgrounds and the role that plays in their diet. For my essay, Bazerghi’s article is helpful in describing the basic background behind food insecurity and the food bank organizations that try to assist in diminishing the problemic. In addition, it helps pinpoint problem areas in the food assistance programs that I will be discussing.
Decker, Dominic, and Mary Flynn. “Food Insecurity and Chronic Disease: Addressing Food Access as a Healthcare Issue.” Rhode Island Medical Journal, vol. 101, no. 4, May 2018, pp. 28–30. EBSCOhost, login.proxy078.nclive.org/login url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspxdirect=true&db=a9h&AN=129317103&site=ehost-live.
Dominic Decker, MD and Mary Flynn, PhD, discuss in this article the relationship between food insecurity and inadequate food consumption, which in turn plays a large role in the number of chronic diseases reported. In addition, those chronic diseases create medical expenses that further complicate the frustrating cycle of food insecurity. The types of chronic diseases the doctors describe include HIV/AIDS, heart disease, diabetes, obesity and mental disorders such as depression. The authors recommend doctors make more of an effort to routinely question their patients annually about their concerns with food expenses and whether they are getting enough food on a regular basis within their budgets. Healthcare providers should then analyze this information to determine whether they refer their patients to local food assistance programs. Decker feels this solution could reduce food insecurity in our country and improve overall health. Therefore, resulting in reduced medical expenses as well. This article is helpful for my essay when describing an example of how doctors feel they can play a role in reducing food insecurities. This is useful information when referencing the rise of certain diseases such as HIV when the only condition that is different amongst patients is their food availability. Furthermore, defending the reasons I will use as to why patients aren’t able to afford both medical treatments and food.
Farahbakhsh, Jasmine, et al. “Food Insecure Student Clients of a University-Based Food Bank Have Compromised Health, Dietary Intake and Academic Quality.” Nutrition & Dietetics, vol. 74, no. 1, Feb. 2017, pp. 67–73. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1111/1747-0080.12307.
According to an article written by Jasmine Farahbakhsh, et al, food insecurity isn’t an issue that affects just families and homeless people, college students are largely affected as well. A survey completed by over fifty college students at UAlberta in Canada report high percentages of food insecurity and use the food bank on campus for assistance on a regular basis (2). Farahbakhsh reports that, the higher a student’s need for food assistance is, the higher their level of stress and health issues unfortunately are. Lack of food availability also leads to poor academic progress. This survey-type study helped determine that the campus food shelf is not enough of a solution to the continuous food shortage among students. In the author’s opinion, the government and university need to re-examine their current food insecurity solutions on campuses and do more to prevent this problem from continuing. This article is helpful to my essay by proving how widespread food security has grown in our communities. In a world where homelessness and families who struggle to access necessary food often seem to be in the visual forefront of the issue, this article proves students are quietly suffering as well. The solution of asking the government to step in and help find additional resources to help this situation will be beneficial proof in my paper that people aren’t ignoring the situation but rather trying to help solve it.
Hoisington, Anne, et al. “Coping Strategies and Nutrition Education Needs Among Food Pantry Users.” Journal of Nutrition Education & Behavior, vol. 34, no. 6, Nov. 2002, p. 326. EBSCOhost, login.proxy078.nclive.org/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspxdirect=true&db=a9h&AN=8833038&site=ehost-live.
In author Anne Hoisington, et al.’s article, she writes about the findings of a study in Washington state on how people cope with food insecurity and the types of nutritional education these low-income families request to assist them in stretching their monthly food budget. The study finds that as families get closer to the end of the month and money budgeted for food is nearly gone, they must find ways to cope as they struggle to feed their families. Strategies includes the adults in the home going without a meal or greatly reducing their own portions. Hoisington also states these families stretch meals by cutting out meat or using a less expensive cut. When asked which type of nutrition education classes food insecure families would benefit most from, the author reports learning new ways to get the most out of their money at the store and ideas for flavorful new recipes using low cost food items were among the top requests. In conclusion, this article can be extremely informative on educating the public on what it’s like to survive on a food insecure budget. The coping strategies described will be useful in my paper to demonstrate how food items received from food banks are utilized once in the home.
Janice Ke, and Elizabeth Lee Ford-Jones. “Food Insecurity and Hunger: A Review of the Effects on Children’s Health and Behaviour.” Paediatrics & Child Health (1205-7088), vol. 20, no. 2, Mar. 2015, pp. 89–91. EBSCOhost,login.proxy078.nclive.org/loginurl=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=102229793&site=ehost-live.
According to Janice Ke, MSc, McMaster University and Elizabeth Lee Ford-Jones, MD, University of Toronto, food insecurity is an overwhelming problem in Canada as well. At the timing of this article, the doctors state that Canada is the only G8 country to not have a nationwide reduced-price nutrition program in its’ schools for families with smaller incomes. The authors describe the effects food security has on children and their maternal parent. Lack of essential vitamins such as iron in food insecure children leads to poor learning skills and often long-term illnesses such as poor mental health and obesity. Unfortunately, depression is often understandably found in the mother figures of families with low incomes and tight food budgets. This article is useful when I am describing the physical effects food insecurity can have on children and their mothers. Also, this information supports my claim that food insecurity crosses borders. Ke and Jones also strongly urge Canada to start a supplemental food programs in the education systems as soon as possible. This demonstrates proof that doctors are aware of and are trying to solve this widespread problem.
O’Connor, Niamh, Karim Farag, and Richard Baines. “What is Food Poverty? A Conceptual Framework.” British Food Journal, vol. 118, no. 2, 2016, pp. 429-449. ProQuest,https://login.proxy078.nclive.org/login?url=https://search.proquest.com/docview/2081645704?accountid=11099, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-06-2015-0222.
Author O’Connor, et al, break down and define in detail, the definitions of terms used when discussing food insecurity around the world. They feel with different countries using different terms to describe the issues with food poverty in their communities; that it is adding to the difficulty of solving this problem worldwide. When a common definition is formed, it becomes easier for countries to communicate to other countries their statistics and strategies for providing aid to the low-income families. O’Connor also writes of specific statistics per country on how much of their household finances is budgeted for food. It is around 17.5 percent of a family’s total income (6). He also writes that coping mechanisms used around the world such as adults in the home skipping meals to provide for the children are the same. As are the reasons for families not being able to afford food, such as the rise in the cost of living expenses. This article is helpful to my essay because it describes how countries are learning to communicate on the same level when it comes to food insecurity in their communities. To be able to better understand how other countries cope with this issue provides a sense of unison among them.
Roncarolo, Federico, et al. “Short-Term Effects of Traditional and Alternative Community Interventions to Address Food Insecurity.” PLoS ONE, vol. 11, no. 3, Mar. 2016, pp. 1–14. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
Frederico Roncarolo, et al, conducted a nine-month long research study on two programs used to assist with food insecurity issues and how it does or does not also affect their client’s pre-existing health issues. The first program is described as the typical food shelf with direct food distribution to those in need. Therefore, acting as an immediate temporary fix to the problem. The second program requires the patrons to attend community kitchen programs that offer cooking classes, demonstrating the growing of produce in gardens and helpful grocery shopping technique classes. During the study, the author tracked how many participants were in each program and whether the programs also provided an improvement in their mental and physical health when their food insecurity issues diminished. Although Roncarolo feels his finding require additional research for more definitive answers, his study does provide positive feedback for these organizations trying to help fight hunger. This article will be helpful in my essay when discussing different programs communities use to alleviate food insecurity. It also provides information on how these strategies may help alleviate the mental and physical ailments that can be related to food insecurity issues.