In 2003, UNICEF estimated that there were at least a 100 million street children in the world and 11 million in India. But that data may not be apocopate because of the “Hidden children”. Whereas Indian embassy assessed 314,700 street children in cities like Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Kanpur, Bangalore and Hyderabad and about 100,000 street children in Delhi alone itself.
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Government policy having drawback that it works some time very nice and some not well. Like in New Delhi in some cases government are active and doing their job properly. They avail shelter for them and also trying to trace such kind of children. But this not case of all. The problem is more critical with children coming from outside and miss out in the city or run away from there home. The problem is more critical with children when they are getting into the hand of brokers. Nobody can control over that. Here the factors are every authority in bounded in limitation like if the child goes into the hand of broker even NGOs can’t stop them and police also don’t try much.
In case of NGO they are doing good job that need to be appreciated but they are still not able to arrest the needful population. Different NGO having their different way of working to support the children; other hand they have also limitation for example NGO like SATHI taking runaway children to their shelter as well as they are helping to placed children back to their home or for untraced address to the government home. Different NGOs having their way of working, and similarly they are working according to their focus. Because of that they are solving problem from one side but some part remain unsolved. In fact run away children is the broader term that needed more effort to solved the problem from both side policy level effort and grassroots level effort; from government, NGO and off course from the society. For example: SALAM BALAK TRUST NGO working for the street children as well for platform children. As per our observation as well during visit of NGO we found that they are providing shelter and education and some possible support to the platform children. Definitely something is better than nothing so, they are supporting like they are contacting to the children and making available for them shelter to shelter to sleep in night and they are also proving education. So, children are daily coming from platform staying in night and going back to the platform next day. Here the big problem is they are supporting children and they are become habitual of their support like night shelter and food. But as usual “NO body is growing at platform except their age” and after crossing the age of 18 they also stop to provide support to them. These also make so many children aim less as well helpless. Exceptions are everywhere like from the help of SALAM BALAK TRUST some children are also getting better life but they are very less. Another example is SATHI; They are placing back children to their home are untraced to government house as per their belief home is the best place for the children to grow. But when they are getting any run away or missed out child they are frequently after getting entry at police station and they are keeping them in the office (cum shelter) and providing the same food place for stay that SATHI staff have; definitely it need to be appreciate. SATHI have basically problem with family side of the children. Like personally we realized that even they placed back the children simply, is it the solution of the problem? Apart from the family they don’t having control over the new run-away children. The concern here is ‘yes it is true that family related problem is different but that having strong relation with runaway a children’ and NGO working for run-away children cannot revive it. Apart from that having limitation like SATHI is not taking Children from platform after having no place at shelter.
There are several reason to be street and leave their home like their emotional need, poor condition of the family, problem due to stress at home and at study place, abuse. In many case they have psychological need due to the emotional part of the child. So, concern here is NGO and directly on run away child and proving them shelter, food, education on the platform or on the possible place and also they are placing back children to their home. After placing back children problem we can’t say that solved in many cases. And this study also not explored much the family part so problem needs to look at from family side and emotional part of a child.
From parent side need to resolve the problem as we discussed already, from their side needed to spend more time for care and changing their behavior; for that need to take some initiatives.
According to the SATHI per day 30 children an average comes on New Delhi railway station. Out of them only about 50% are arrested by NGOs, and GOs. Need to find and established mechanism to cover all the population. There are plenty of problem existed in the street children one of them is addiction of children.
The subject of street children mainly considered to be an urban problem. In city area children can be found various place without having any shelter like in railway stations, bridges, street, near temples, mosque, durgahs, markets, besides road, etc. these children lives on street with their family, without families, and some comes for the nearest slum. They can be in a group or can be alone. Even though in some of the cases parents are not living with the children but some of them has contact and some of them don’t. Mainly the children don’t have contact with their family they may
There is no certain meaning of the street children but population can be categories into broad categories. According to UNICEF street children fall under two categories: On the street and Of the street. “Children of the street” are homeless children who live and sleep on the streets in urban areas. They are on their own and do not have any parental supervision or care though some do live with other homeless adults. “Children on the street” earn a livelihood from street such as street urchins and beggars. They return home at night and have contact with their families. The distinction is an important one because children of the street lack emotional and psychological support of a family.
Children living in street having different background, like different housing type and different settlement like migrants, nomads, renters, homeless, road side dwellers; So what can be possibilities is very simple seems to think.. like anybody can say that people living near road side having no permanent house their children can missed out or run away or may be the same possibilities for the living belongs to nomad families and also may be one reason to having not enough place in home to the members.
As salam balak an NGO said “Because of a lack of permanent shelter and the fact that the number of street children is not recorded in any national survey or study street children are often called the ‘hidden children’. Being hidden, they are at a higher risk to being abuse, exploited and neglected. Another group that is at risk of ending up on the street are migrant children. Children come to cities in hope of finding new jobs and opportunities for their families. Unfortunately increasing populations in the cities, children that come to the cities face meagre incomes, poor housing and usually end up on the street. The Indian embassy estimated 314,700 street children in cities like Bombay, Calcutta, Madras, Kanpur, Bangalore and Hyderabad and around 100,000 street children in Delhi”.
It doesn’t make feel happy when crossed over a person/people those are sleeping over the street. Probably you will feel bit disappointed for the moment… And it’s usual to say sorry! And move out from the place most of people not caring for that except the few people as exception. So, why should we care? If someone having practice to sleeping on road or street any other public places. And why should about we think about the homeless people those don’t have any identity? Why should we common people think about them? Even the powerful government doesn’t having any specific program for them? Definitely people like us cannot taste the reality very easily because we are not homeless. But imagine the small time period of your tuff life when you spend time without any shelter to being homelessâ€¦ Imagine the ice cooling night, temperature fluctuating over the zero when you don’t have sufficient cloth and you are going spend your night in open sky.
After doing full day hard work with the tired body people usually wants to move back to their house but they can’t. If we are considering the street people they have N number of problem for example Food, Health, Shelter, their Human rights etc. Food, cloth and shelter is the primary need of the human being and its very difficult to live without it. Due to various sociological condition of homeless people is worse in all over the world; basically homeless people are existed all over the world somewhere less or somewhere more.
The present shelter available by both GO and NGO are not enough to revive the life of the children it need to improve.
After the age of 14, children need to give some sorts of skilled based training because from these age group children are getting matured and moving to some other place for different activities. Also they have another threat like after the age of 18 nobody will care about even NGO or Government. Also after they can be punished by police for their any crime that sometimes they are doing on platform. So before reaching to that stage children needed to provide some skill or training for their future.
After placing home back the children need to periodically support to prevent run away again.
Need to establish a team so that they can cover the street children as soon as possible. Because after living few day in street they may got effected because of bad company and habit.
Create a viable environment for street children to grow and develop from the grassroots level, by eliminating negative causes to a bright future.
Create a viable environment for street children placed/provide them shelter whether in Government Homes, Institutions, to safeguard the child form negative impact.
Providing a better opportunity for his rights
Providing a healthy environment to grow and develop for his bright carrier.
Programme and its Components
The main focus of the programme is providing home to the homeless children and create a viable environment for street children to grow and develop from the grassroots level, by eliminating negative causes to a bright future by proving skill for employment. At the inception pilot phase was for the process of proving shelter. Later based on the need on the need it graduated with the expansion of the program to providing other need for example study facility during night at the shelter. Some activity for their expression, etc.
There are following components are in this programme:
Proving educational facility to the children at the shelter
Skill and creating employment opportunity to the children by the age of 18.
Arranging activity, so for growth of their mind
Living standard increases
Capturing the population to safe from other risk like brokers
Stop the exploitation
Giving education and employment through that above 18 year children.
Stakeholders of the programme:
With the help of these stakeholders and delicate staff, we can achieve our goal for the benefit of the people. As far as the activity side is concern, the major activity is, make the craft material and sale in local, state, national and international market. Apart of the farmers groups are responsible to make the channel, to promote the sale of product.
Reaching to the children and proving shelter
For the Sustainable in terms of finance; giving skill based education to the 18 above year children to run various small livelihood activities like institutes, call centre, software testing, etc. with agreement of next 6 year
New Delhi city area
Expansion in other various part of Delhi
Expansion in other metro cities
Reaching children at street, platform, stops, etc.
Providing shelter, education and care to below 18 children and employment to above 18.
Creating institutes to generate income
Safeguarding them from various risk
Objective verifiable Objective
Means of Verification
Create a viable environment for street children to grow and develop from the grassroots level, and sustain their career through employment
To sustain children’s life living on the street
Primary data from Office
1.Creating a environment for the street children to safeguard from negative cause and grow in viable environment
2. Self-sustaining their life through quipped with the skill by the age of 18.
Street children safe from uncertain circle and environment and got their place to grow
Street children able to live respectful life along with giving contribution to the society
Feedback from target group
News in mass and media
Target population may make problem to adopt the idea
Brokers, police, politics and may be funding makes problem
A viable environment for street children to grow and develop from the grassroots level, and sustained their career through employment. No dependency or bad impact over the society..
Street children got shelter
Children got opportunity and other skill
Got employment training
Employment to the children through the support of government and various institutions
Children may not continue after age of 18.
Huge amount 143.5 million
20 professional and 100 staffs
More than 10 years time
Different centers at different location
Profit and Loss A/C expenditure
Income expenditure accounts for the year
Budget Estimation (In millions)
Camp and activity
Affording house for institute
yoga and other event for children
education and training to the children
Staff structure and qualification
Monitoring overall project to achieve goal
Monitoring and leadership
Managing the particular location
Ensuring local of the target group and the program
Outreach and shelter supervisor/in charge
for better satisfaction of the employee and target group
Data entry and documentation
To maintain account
To maintain account
Audit and budget
Training and placement staff
Providing training and placement
Providing training and employment opportunity to the adult
Program sustainability and way forward
For the program sustainability the necessary thing is to self-sustain financially. The population involves in the issue is very significant as discussed above can’t be clutch easily. The process with take time. Hence children in the or on the street is scenario of both developed and developing country. So, it will take time to address it.
Besides, for the sustainability of the of both organization and target population it necessary to go some concrete plan. The idea to give training to the children by the age of 18 is mainly due to considering this point. It can generate surplus to the institute as well a carrier path to the children. Children can run various kind of activity in the metro city like call center. May be for the purpose they can take support of various institutions like government, funders, etc.
In future they can expanse their own running income generating activity like call centres, software testing, etc. also they can keep children for age 24(next 6 year after 18) then they can help them to live and settled their own life. With the six year experience they can also get once some bulk amount, and other surplus for the organization.
Street children in city area can be found various place without having any shelter as well living with unsecure life like in railway stations, bridges, street, near temples, mosque, durgahs, markets, besides road, etc. these children lives on street with their family, without families, and some comes for the nearest slum.
The main focus of the programme is providing home to the homeless children and create a viable environment for street children to grow and develop from the grassroots level, by eliminating negative causes to a bright future by proving care and shelter during childhood and skill for employment with adulthood. At the inception pilot phase was for the process of proving shelter. Later based on the need on then it would graduate with the expansion of the program to providing other need for example study facility during night at the shelter skill based training.
The main problem with such kind of the institute is they care children up to age 18 and again they might be orphan. Besides, for the sustainability of the both organization and target population; planned to give training to the children by the age of 18 is mainly due to considering this point. It can generate surplus to the institute as well a carrier path to the children. Children can run various kind of activity in the metro city like call centre, software testing unit. In future they can expanse their own running income generating similar activities. Organization would provide or can keep children for age 24(next 6 year after 18 at work) then they can help them to live and settled their own life. With the six year experience they can also get once some bulk amount, and other surplus for the organization.